This may be used in place of the more general non-human demonstrative ndi when the associated noun phrase is areal. However, unlike ndi and the other regular demonstratives, which may be used both deictically and anaphorically, njan is used only deictically, that is, with respect to actual physical location. For example, ndi yun ‟this land” may refer either to the area in which the speaker is physically located or to the area that is the topic of conversation, but njan yun may refer only to the area in which he or she is located. The English translation this here will often be appropriate.
(1) Njan yoh. `This house.'