in-ᐉᐣ-in-PREFIXimperfective

Some verbs, especially statives, explicitly mark the imperfective by the use of this prefix. It occupies the same slot as the inner subject prefixes, which take precedence over it. It therefore occurs only when there is no subject prefix at all (3d person singular) or when there is an outer subject prefix (1st person plural, third person dual/plural). The i appears only if it is preceded by another conjunct prefix. It therefore always appears in the 1p and 3dp, but in the 3s only if a non-subject conjunct prefix is present. This distribution is exemplified by the imperfective paradigm of ‟to be slender” where no prefix precedes the subject markers. \smallskip \centerlineTo Be Slender \smallskip \centerline\vbox\ninepoint\tabskip=0pt \offinterlineskip \def\tbrule\noalign\hrule \halign to \parwid\strut#& \vrule#\tabskip=\partbskip plus2em& #\hfil & \vrule# & #\hfil & \vrule# & #\hfil & \vrule# & #\hfil & \vrule#\tabskip=0pt\cr\tbrule &&\omit && \hfil singular && \hfil dual && \hfil plural&\cr\tbrule &&1 && usdot && idudot && ts'indot &\cr\tbrule &&2 && indot && uhdot && uhdot &\cr\tbrule &&3 && ndot && hindot && hindot &\cr\tbrule \hipuc Compare ndot, where there is no preceding conjunct prefix, with dindot ‟it (d-class) is narrow”, where the preceding conjunct prefix d permits the i to appear.


Related Words:   Affixes


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