o-ᐃ-o-PREFIXoptative mode marker

This allomorph of oo- occurs in two situations. First, it is the result of fusion of the underlying oo with the i of the first person dual subject marker idud and the second person singular subject marker in. This is illustrated by the optative affirmative paradigm of ‟drink (uo): \smallskip \centerlineDrink (uo) [OA] \smallskip \centerline\vbox\ninepoint\tabskip=0pt \offinterlineskip \def\tbrule\noalign\hrule \halign to \parwid\strut#& \vrule#\tabskip=\partbskip plus2em& #\hfil & \vrule# & #\hfil & \vrule# & #\hfil & \vrule# & #\hfil & \vrule#\tabskip=0pt\cr\tbrule &&\omit && \hfil singular && \hfil dual && \hfil plural&\cr\tbrule &&1 && 'oosnai && 'odutnai && 'uts'ootnai &\cr\tbrule &&2 && 'ontnai && 'ootnai && 'ootnai &\cr\tbrule &&3 && 'ootnai && 'uhootnai && 'uhootnai &\cr\tbrule \hipuc Second, it is used when immediately preceded by a consonant-final disjunct prefix, such as n- ‟in a loop”. This is illustrated by the optative affirmative paradigm of ‟go in a loop by boat”: \smallskip \centerlineGo in a Loop by Boat [OA] \smallskip \centerline\vbox\ninepoint\tabskip=0pt \offinterlineskip \def\tbrule\noalign\hrule \halign to \parwid\strut#& \vrule#\tabskip=\partbskip plus2em& #\hfil & \vrule# & #\hfil & \vrule# & #\hfil & \vrule# & #\hfil & \vrule#\tabskip=0pt\cr\tbrule &&\omit && \hfil singular && \hfil dual && \hfil plural&\cr\tbrule &&1 && noske && noduke && nuts'ooke &\cr\tbrule &&2 && nonke && nohke && nohke &\cr\tbrule &&3 && noke && nuhooke && nuhooke &\cr\tbrule \hipuc Notice how the optative marker is o except in the first person plural and third person duo-plural, where the outer subject prefix separates it from the disjunct prefix n-.


Related Words:   Affixes


back to home page  wjp