- This the first person plural subject with unspecified object, meaning
``three or more of us eat omething''. It is the habitual aspect form,
indicating that the eating in question is a typical instance of a habitual
action, such as eating a meal. The corresponding non-habitual form would be
- This is the postposition tso "before, in front of" inflected
for an areal object. A clause (sentence) is often treated in Carrier as if
it were an areal noun phrase.
- This is an instrumental nominalization, made by attaching the prefix
be to a verb form. tenazdudlih by itself means "we pray".
- Notice that this is the third person singular possessive form,
literally meaning "his name", not the third person plural possessive form
huboozi, meaning "their name(s)", even though the possessor is
plural, namely "the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit". This is typical
in Carrier; there is a tendancy to avoid explicit indicating of plurality
on both the possessor and the thing possessed. In this particular case,
the use of the singular could also be justified on theological grounds,
namely the fact that the three Holy Persons are considered to be manifestations
of the one God, but there are many parallel examples where there is no
such theological explanation.
- The optative affirmative (OA) neondleh is used here rather than
the imperfective affirmative neindle because it is a more polite
command and thus more appropriate when speaking to the Creator.
Yinka Déné Language Institute © 2006